О результатах, изложенных в препринтах, не следует сообщать в СМИ как о проверенной информации.
Objectives. COVID-19 is a contagious multisystem inflammatory disease caused by a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). We have studied the efficacy of Aprotinin (nonspeciﬁc serine proteases inhibitor) and Avifavir or Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) combinations for the therapy of COVID-19. Methods. Three prospective single-center (cohorts 1 – 3) studies included participants with moderate COVID-19-related pneumonia, laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 and admitted to the hospitals. Patients received combinations of intravenous (IV) Aprotinin (1,000,000 KIU daily, 3 days) and HCQ (cohort 1), inhalation (inh) treatment with Aprotinin (625 KIU 4 times per day, 5 days) and HCQ (cohort 2) or IV Aprotinin (1,000,000 KIU daily for 5 days) and Avifavir (cohort 3). Results. In the cohorts 1 – 3, the combination therapy showed 100% efficacy in preventing the transfer of patients (n = 30) to the intensive care unit (ICU). The effect of combination therapy in the cohort 3 was the most prominent and the median time to SARS-CoV-2 elimination was 3.5 days (IQR 3.0 – 4.0), normalization of CRP concentration was 3.5 days (IQR 3 – 5), of D-dimer concentration - 5 days (IQR 4 – 5); body temperature - 1 day (IQR 1 – 3), improvement in clinical status or discharge from the hospital - 5 days (IQR 5 – 5), and improvement in lung lesions of patients on 14 day - 100%. Conclusions. The administration of Aprotinin combinations prevented the transfer of moderate COVID-19 patients to the ICU for mechanical ventilation (ALV) or non-invasive ventilation (NIV) and by shortening of their hospital stay.
Ivashchenko A. A., Azarova V. N., Egorova A. N., Karapetian R. N., Kravchenko D. V., Krivonos N. V., Loginov V. G., Poyarkov S. V., Merkulova E. A., Rosinkova O. S., Savchuk N. P., Topr M. A., Simakina E. N., Yakubova E. V., Ivachtchenko A. V. 2020. Aprotinin is a potent multi-target drug for the combination therapy of moderate COVID-19 cases. COVID19-PREPRINTS.MICROBE.RU. https://doi.org/10.21055/preprints-3111905
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